The dollar was firm on Monday as economic resilience in the United States raised market expectations for further rate hikes by the Federal Reserve, while news that a debt ceiling deal had been finalized sparked some risk-on sentiment.
The greenback notched a fresh six-month high of 140.91 yen in early Asia trade and was headed for a monthly gain of more than 3% against the Japanese currency.
The yen’s renewed decline has come on the back of rising U.S. Treasury yields, as bets grow that interest rates in the United States would stay higher for longer.
Data released on Friday showed that U.S. consumer spending increased more than expected in April and inflation picked up, adding to signs of a still-resilient economy. Yields on U.S. Treasuries jumped on the back of the data, with the two-year yield, which typically reflects near-term interest rate expectations, rising more than 10 basis points to an over two-month high of 4.639% on Friday.
Cash U.S. Treasuries were untraded in Asia on Monday, owing to the Memorial Day holiday in the United States, while futures were broadly steady. Ten-year futures’ implied yield was 3.84%.
The U.K. market is similarly closed on Monday for a holiday.
Against the dollar, the euro fell 0.13% to $1.0719, while sterling slipped 0.07% to $1.2342.
“Whether the dollar sustains the rally that we’re seeing, I think it’ll depend on particularly the wages data, or average earnings within Friday’s payrolls report, and obviously we’ve got CPI before the Fed as well,” said Ray Attrill, head of FX strategy at National Australia Bank.
“There’s still quite a lot of data to flow under the bridge before we get to the June meeting.”
Money markets are now pricing in a nearly 68% chance that the Fed will raise rates by 25 bps in June, as compared to a roughly 17% chance a week ago, according to the CME FedWatch tool.
Debt deal done?
Risk sentiment in Asia was buoyed by news over the weekend that U.S. President Joe Biden had finalized a budget agreement with House Speaker Kevin McCarthy to suspend the $31.4 trillion debt ceiling until Jan. 1, 2025.
Biden said on Sunday that the deal was ready to move to Congress for a vote. The risk-sensitive Australian and New Zealand dollars edged slightly higher, with the Aussie rising 0.17% to $0.6529.
The kiwi gained 0.08% to $0.6052.
“We’ve got a risk-positive response so far to the debt deal news,” said NAB’s Attrill. “Obviously there’s still the need to get this debt deal over the line, but I think markets are happy to travel on the presumption that it will get done before the new X-date.” U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen had on Friday said the government would default if Congress did not increase the $31.4 trillion debt ceiling by June 5, having previously said a default could happen as early as June 1.
Against a basket of currencies, the U.S. dollar rose 0.02% to 104.29.
Elsewhere, the Turkish lira was kept under pressure at 20.04 per U.S. dollar, after having slumped to a record low of 20.06 per dollar on Friday.
President Tayyip Erdogan secured victory in the country’s presidential election on Sunday, extending his increasingly authoritarian rule into a third decade.